Elysee Summit for Peace and Security in Africa (6-7 December 2013)
The Elysee Summit for Peace and Security in Africa, held in Paris on 6 and 7 December, has officialized the new guidelines of the African policy of France and taken the first step towards a wider reflection about the relationship between Africa and Europe. It has also showed the French people the strength of the relationship with the continent.
The summit was marked by a exceptional participation of Heads of African States: all states of the African continent were present, with the exception of Zimbabwe (withdrawal).
6 international organizations also participated: United Nations, African Union, European Union, African Development Bank, IMF and World Bank. The President of the Commission of the African Union, the President of the Commission of the European Union, the European Council President and the Secretary General of the United Nations were also present.
Read the opening speech of the President of the French Republic :
The unanimous tribute to Nelson Mandela made by all Heads of State and the French intervention in CAR, which had been decided on the eve of the Summit, December 5, and had been also welcomed by the Heads of State, gave a particular relief to event.
Peace and Security: a shared commitment to accelerate the implementation of African capacities
The support to the establishment of an African fast reaction force has been widely discussed. Participants agreed that the French system, whether the pre-positioned forces or the judicial police or the military cooperation, be redirected to support the African initiatives on the continent and used to provide solutions to these initiatives.
President Holland is committed to emphasize on the training of military officers and strengthen our cooperation, including intelligence and equipment.
The financing of peacekeeping operations has been widely discussed. Heads of State agreed that this central question be the subject of a discussion in a group that would combine international partners, particularly the European Union and the United Nations.
It was also decided that a forum be held in Dakar in 2014 to contribute to the development of an African strategy of defense and security.
The Heads of State also sought the support of France for UNSC reform so that Africa seat on the Security Council.
A new economic partnership between France and Africa :
Organized by the Ministry of Economy and Finance and the MEDEF, the conference has attracted great enthusiasm. 600 business leaders, three African heads of states and the President of the French Republic participated in structured debates around details of the new Economic Partnership Africa-France and around M. Vedrine report focused on 15 levers for a new economic dynamic between Africa and France.
President Hollande announced that :
France has set a target of double its trade with Africa in five years .
To achieve this, France will double its means of action (donations, projects) that should go to 20 billion euros over the next five years (against 10 billion euros over the past five years ).
France will mobilize 8 billion euros in COFACE guarantee.
France will continue its attractiveness policy through "economic visas" to facilitate mobility of African entrepreneurs.
A Franco-African Foundation aiming at promoting human capital and talents will be created.
French Ministers of Economy and African will meet next year.
Forum Africa: 100 innovations for sustainable development :
Organized at the initiative of Pascal Canfin, Minister Delegate to development, this forum organized in partnership with the French Development Agency (AFD) has enabled innovators to present their achievements and develop cooperation with financial partners, businesses, researchers and non-governmental organizations.
More than 800 candidates had answered the call to innovators launched in September 2013 by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The 21 winning projects range from the construction of High Environmental Quality (HQE) to micro-finance, through food, information systems, recycling, agro-ecology and transportation.
Mobilization against sexual violence against women in conflict :
The Presidency of the Republic, at the initiative of Mrs Valérie Trierweiler, held on Dec. 6 at the Musée d’Orsay a conference on violence against women that brought together the spouses of Heads of State. Following this meeting a call to mobilization was launched against sexual violence. This appeal was taken by the Heads of State in the Final Declaration.
Roundtable : Elephants and endangered species :
The Minister of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy, and Mr Nicolas Hulot, Special Envoy of President Holland for the preservation of the planet, held on December 5, 2013 at the Hotel de la Marine a roundtable about the fight against elephant poaching, ivory trafficking and endangered species attended by many Heads of State. A declaration of Paris on the subject was submitted to the states represented.
Read the text of the Summit Final Declaration :