Cyber security – a major challenge for Europe
In a digital environment, a national approach to cyber security today is not enough to stave off sophisticated and growing threats that challenge the well-established concepts of territoriality, sovereignty, attribution and response in the case of conflict.
France was one of the first European countries to take an ambitious approach to cyber security, including through its decision to use regulatory tools to protect its essential operators.
The Directive on security of network and information systems (the NIS Directive) will soon enter into force in France and this will be the next step in guaranteeing the security of the key actors in France and Europe, and in developing voluntary cooperation between the Member States drawing, for example, on the Computer Security Incident Response Team (CSIRT).
The EU General Data Protection Regulation will apply in May 2018 to all countries in the European Union. Such comprehensive reform will help Europe adapt to the new realities of the digital age.
The reform of data protection has three aims:
- to strengthen people’s rights, including by creating a right to data portability and provisions specific to minors;
- to raise awareness among data processing actors (data controllers and processors);
- to lend credibility to regulation through enhanced cooperation between data protection authorities, which will be able to, inter alia, take joint decisions when data processing is transnational in nature, and through tougher sanctions.
European Cyber Security Month
Given the changing threat and the need to provide answers to citizens affected by recent cyberattacks (such as WannaCry and NotPetya), French and European actors are working to coordinate their efforts to enhance collective responsibility.
European Cyber Security Month is an excellent illustration of this shared ambition, with ministries, associations, professional organizations and other key actors launching increasing numbers of initiatives through awareness-raising activities across Europe, including conferences, round tables, interactive events, learning resources and social media.
This event has been organized at the initiative of the European Network and Information Security Agency (ENISA).
- To find out more about European Cyber Security Month